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II. Descendants

First Marriage (Charlotte Oliver) Children of William B. (Best) Mitchiner:

(B1) John Harden Mitchiner, (b. ca. 1818 in Georgia, probably Screven Co. and d. ca. 1893 in Louisiana) Married Matilda Travis Brooks (b. ca. 1824 and d. 1902) in Randolph Co. on March 4, 1841. Both her parents were born in Maryland. He was born John H. Best but his named was changed to John H. Mitchiner in 1822 when his father had his named legally changed by the Georgia House of Representatives. John had been named in the will of Tarlton B. Best, filed in 1824, where at the age of around six he inherited three or four slaves. John H. was a Mason and a member of the Methodist church. Reportedly he was a fine looking man, about six feet tall with blue eyes. He served in Captain N. H. Smith's company, Georgia Volunteers, in the Creek Indian War (1836). In 1847 he bought 101.25 acres in Randolph Co. from his brother-in-law, David Rumph.  John sold this land back to David in 1864 as well as another 101.25 acres in 1849. John is listed with his wife and two children, Mary, age 6, and William B., age 4 months, in the 1850 Randolph Co., Georgia. Census. He is listed in the 1860 Quitman Co., Georgia Census with his wife and four oldest children. He is listed in the 1870 Clay Co., Georgia Census with his wife and children Emma, George, Maltravis and Susan. He apparently moved to Louisiana about 1872 and bought a farm near Haynesville, Webster Parish, where he died around 1893. He is listed in the 1880 Claiborne Co., Louisiana Census at age 63 with his wife, age 58, and children George E., M. Burnett and Susan. Also in his household is listed his oldest daughter, Mary W. Sales, with the notation "dead" and her children Carrie C. age 8, Mag. M. age 6 and Thomas M. age 4. In that census is given the birthplace of his father, William Best Mitchiner, as South Carolina and his mother's birthplace as Georgia. There is a Mitchiner place name in Richland Parish, Louisiana and a Mitchiner-Gittinger Family Foundation -- New Orleans. John and Mary had the following seven children: Mary W., William S. B., Mariah C., Emma E., George E., Maltravis B., and Sue D. No descendants of this line now carry the Mitchiner name.  

(B2) Mary W. Mitchiner, (b. ca. 1820 in Georgia, probably Screven Co., and d. ca.1884 at Jim Ned, Taylor Co., Texas.)  She was born Mary W. Best but her named was changed to Mary W. Mitchiner in 1822 when her father had her name legally changed by the Georgia House of Representatives. Married David Rumph (b. 1810 in South Carolina and d. 1876 in Taylor Co., Texas) in Randolph Co. on August 30, 1838, the same day her sister Amanda L. married John Barton. David was a wealthy planter and land owner. Charlotte Holland, David's first wife of less than a year, died in 1837. David resided in Cuthbert, the county seat, where he owned a general mercantile store along with Allen Moye, another early settler from South Carolina. In 1838 the house that he had started building for Charlotte was finished. It was known as the "David Rumph House" and it was distinguished as an historical house in Cuthbert. This house, however, was torn down in 2003. It sat kitty-cornered on Court St. to the courthouse. Mary and David lived there until they moved to Brooksville in Randolph Co. around 1848 where David owned land and a grist mill. (See Pictures of Cuthbert House and Mill Pond.) There David and Mary raised nine children; Virginia C., William V., Susan E., David M., Mary Amanda, John M., Raymond R., Demetries C., and Eugene P. At age 50 David is listed with his wife, age 40 and eight youngest children in the 1860 Randolph Co., Georgia. Census.

Their daughter, Susan E., died about 1862. William V. died during the war in Virginia. Their daughter Virginia C. married James Fillingim in Randolph Co. in 1859. She died by the mid 1860's, leaving one daughter. With the close of the war David lost his property. He chose to move on to Texas. James Fillingim who had been a widower following the death of Virginia C. married her sister, Amanda. They chose to remain in Georgia. Amanda went to Texas after James died in 1873. She married Anthony Moser Hestand in 1874 in Grayson Co. near Sherman. Mal and his wife Eliza Ann went with David to Texas and settled in Stephenville, Erath Co., where he started a general store. David took his wife and his four other sons first to Hunt Co. and then to Taylor Co. where he homesteaded. The Texas Rangers were still guarding the territory that included Taylor Co. against the Comanches and Kiowas. The strength of these tribes was finally broken in the Red River War of 1874-1875. Following the defeat of the Confederacy General Sherman became the Commanding Officer of the Army's Department of the West. He waged the same type of total warfare against the Indians that he waged against the Confederacy. He sent General Sheridan to flush the Kiowas and Comanches out of their hideouts and deprive them of food sources and ponies. Shortly after David moved to Taylor Co. he died there in 1876 of pneumonia. Mary continued to live on the homestead with her four sons. Raymond hunted buffalo and farmed, while his three brothers managed to leave to attend Southern Medical College in Atlanta, Georgia. They all returned as frontier physicians. Mary died in Taylor Co. around 1884. Some of their descendants are living in the Fort Worth, Texas area. A full account of the life of David and Mary Rumph is given in the book, This Man David.

(B3) Amanda L. Mitchiner, (b. ca. 1824 in Georgia, probably Screven Co. and d. November 19, 1882) She is buried in the Fort Gaines Cemetery, Clay Co., Georgia. Married (1) John Barton ? - ?) on August 30, 1838. There are no known children from her first marriage. Married (2) Wade Crapps (b. ca. 1827 and d. ?), but the date of marriage is unknown. Wade served as a private, Co. E., in the 13th Regiment GA Volunteer Infantry known as "Randolph Volunteers". Her father, William, left her a Negro woman, Harriet, in his will in 1865. Wade and Amanda lived a few hundred yards from her sisters Elizabeth Thompson and her husband George W. King, and Charlotte L. and her husband William Poole along the road from Cuthbert to Benevolence. The old front door steps to their house were allegedly still standing as of 1986. (Information from Mrs. S.L. (Ruby) King.) They are listed in the 1860 Randolph Co., Georgia Census on page 657. With the last name spelled "Craps" they are listed in the 1870 Randolph Co., Georgia Census. Their children are Harriet S. age 14, Smith G. age 14, and Stonewall J. age 1. By age and location and the last name spelled "Cropps", Wade appears to be listed with a wife and two children in the 1880 Clay Co., Georgia Census. Her death as reported in the Cuthbert Appeal, November 24, 1882, reads: "Died. With cancer, on Sunday morning the 19th, Mrs. Amanda C. Crapps, wife of Wade Crapps, in the 59th year of her age. Mrs. Crapps was well and favorably known to almost all the citizens of Randolph Co. having resided there since 1845. She leaves a devoted husband and three children and a large circle of admiring friends to mourn their loss but, have abundant assurances that their loss is her eternal gain. In all the relations of life as a wife, mother and friend, she was true and faithful. In 1849 she connected herself with the Methodist Church and lived up to her death a devoted christian. She bore her long and painful illness with fortitude and with submission to the will of her Heavenly Father often expressed a willingness to go and be at rest. Realizing a short time before her death that her end was near she prayed earnestly to be called away. She sleeps peacefully by the side of her mother in the Cemetery at Fort Gaines awaiting the resurrection of the just." Children; James R., Samuel T., Harriet S., Smith G. and Stonewall J.

(B4) Elizabeth Thompson Mitchiner, (b. September 27, 1825 in Randolph Co., Georgia and d. January 10, 1910 at Fort Gaines, Clay County, Georgia) Married (1) Jasper W. Lawrence (b. ? and d. 1845) on November 29, 1841 in Randolph Co., Georgia.  Jasper W. was a graduate of the Medical College of Georgia and practiced at Fort Gaines. He died of pneumonia  and is buried in Eatonton, Putnam Co., Georgia. Children: Seaborn. Married (2) George Washington King (b. ? and d. by 1900) around 1847. She is listed with her second husband and family in the 1850 Randolph Co., Georgia Census and the 1860 Randolph Co., Georgia Census on page 657. She is listed with her husband and nine children in the 1870 Randolph Co., Georgia Census and with her husband and seven children in the 1880 Randolph Co., Georgia Census. At age 76 she is the head of the household  consisting of her sons Virgil and Owen and a grandson, George F. in the 1900 Randolph Co., Georgia Census. G.W. King was the son of John Washington King and Elizabeth DuBose King of Box Springs (near Colombia), Georgia. He was allegedly a gifted musician and vocalist and taught music. He also had his own band. He served in the Civil War and was wounded. He and Elizabeth farmed the land that her father had given her, which was four miles from Cuthbert along the road to Benevolence and about one mile from the William B. Mitchiner farm. The King farm is now part of a timber farm. Elizabeth was a Methodist. G. W. King was a clerk at the Benevolence Baptist Church. (Information from Mrs. S.L. (Ruby) King.) Children: Seaborne, Mary E., William T. L., John W., Susan, Virgil H., Tallulah, Florence N., George W., Owen H., H. Bee, Ernest L., Amanda G. and Clarence G. 

(B5) Thomas William Mitchiner ("Tom"), (b. April 2, 1828 in Screven Co., Georgia as noted in the family Bible and d. September 30, 1909 in Texas) There were three stories that a grandchild, Thomas Richard, remembered from his father, Ross Clarence, about Thomas W., his grandfather. It was my father, Thomas Richard, that told them to me. First, he fought in the Civil War and after the war he moved his family to Texas. This is well verified by his Texas Confederate Pension and war record. Second, he and his brothers, Jim and Raymond, participated in the California gold rush. This has now been verified. Unlike their older brother, John Harden Mitchiner, there was probably not much of a future for them back in Georgia. Their oldest brother had inherited both land and slaves at the age of six in 1824 from Tarlton Best. John was married in 1841 and by 1849 he had two children. In 1847 in Randolph Co. John had purchased 101.25 acres. By then their father, William B. Mitchiner, already had eight children by his second marriage. The three younger brothers apparently saw that their best bet for their future was taking a gamble on striking it rich in the gold fields of California. Gold had been discovered in California in January 1848 by James W. Marshall while constructing a saw mill for John A.Sutter on the American River northeast of Sacramento. The news quickly spread. They are first noted in New Orleans in 1849 awaiting transportation in The New Orleans Delta on the 27 ult. (February?) having arrived the previous day. Their temporary residence is given as 49 Marigny St., Third Municipality which is near the French Quarter. They are reportedly a "sterling bunch of fellows" from Talbot Co., Georgia having arrived from Mobile and planning to go California via the Matamoras land route which is in Mexico at the mouth of the Rio Grande. They apparently had a change of mind about what land route was best. Jim and Tom, but not their brother, Raymond, are listed as pioneers from Georgia that probably began crossing the continent from St. Joseph, Missouri around the beginning of March 1849 for San Francisco. Tom was older than Raymond and Jim but still only 21 years old. All three brothers are listed as arriving overland in San Francisco on May 8, 1849 as part of a Mining Co. party from Mobile. The journey for those going without families took at least two months to compete the 1751 overland miles from Missouri to California.

Arriving in California would have been a very multicultural experience for him with the Chinese and Spanish-Mexicans and gold miners from many countries and every state. There was little law and order in San Francisco with an average of twenty-five murders a year and even less law and order on the gold fields. The prominent citizens in San Francisco organized a Vigilance Committee. This has given some credibility to the story my dad told me about the death of Jim. Jim was said to have been killed in a shoot-out over a card game on a river boat on the Sacramento River. Tom and Raymond sought justice and took revenge. If true they probably left the gold fields shortly after that incident. By January 1852 Tom was back in Georgia where he winessed the sale of two lots by his father to David Rumph. Raymond probably left California by October 1854. As posted in the Union Democrat on October 7, 1854, one of the letters to be sent to the General Post Office as a Dead Letter by the Post Office at Sonora, California in three weeks from September 30, 1854 if not called for was addressed to "Mitchiner". Third, as a young man he went to sea on a whaling ship. This has not been verified but whaling was done out of San Francisco both before and after the gold rush period. During the gold rush period ship captains did not go to San Francisco because their crews would desert for the gold fields. Outside the harbor Humpback and Gray whales swim close to shore on their migrations. By 1870, long after Tom had left California, San Francisco became the whaling capital of the world. It is unknown by what method or route Tom took for his return to Georgia. The next record of Tom back in Georgia is from the November court term of 1858 in Cuthbert, Randolph Co., Georgia. There is a case of Henry A. Cook vs. W.B. Mitchiner and Thos W. Mitchiner. The judgment conferred "to the plaintiff in the sum of three hundred and 59 dollars and 3 cents with interest and cost of suit reserving right of appeal."

On May 20, 1859, at the age of 31, he married Nancy A.V. Couch in Randolph Co. Georgia. (See Marriage License.) She was born in Georgia in June 1840 but her parents were both born in South Carolina. Her father, John, was the son of Drury Couch and grandson of Thomas Couch. The will of Thomas Couch was made in the Ninety Six District of South Carolina on February 12, 1776. (See Family Relations of Nancy A. V. Couch) Nancy was twelve years younger than her husband. Thomas and Nancy are listed in the 1860 Randolph Co., Georgia Census on page 657 as Thomas and Nancy "Mitchell" along with his sisters Elizabeth King, Amanda Crapps, and Charlotte Poole and their families on land apparently given them by their father, William Best Mitchiner. By 1862 when he was 34 years old they were living in Dudleyville, Tallapoosa Co., Alabama. This is near Horseshoe Bend in eastern part of the state where Andrew Jackson defeated the Red Stick Creeks on March 27, 1814. Nancy's father, John Couch, is listed in the 1860 Tallapoosa Co., Alabama Census. Nancy is listed with her father and his other children in the 1850 Pike Co., Georgia Census where "C." is given as her middle initial. After the war her father is listed back in the 1870 Pike Co., Georgia Census. He may also be the John Couch listed in the 1840 Randolph Co., Georgia Census. John Couch witnessed with A. Brown the signing of a property deed in Randolph Co. near Brooksville described as District 10, Lot l63 in 1838 between Septimus Wetherby the seller and Benjamin Thurman the buyer.

To get enough soldiers to continue the war both the North and the South started drafting men into military service. The Confederate States started drafting in April 1862. The Union started drafting in March 1863. At the age of 34 Tom was probably drafted rather than volunteering to join the Confederate Army on April 29, 1862. Later that year, on November 5, 1862, he bought 40 acres of land in Tallapoosa Co., Alabama where he may have located his wife . Today on or near the property stands the Elder Christian Church, built in 1891.

Tom served for three years as a private in Company K, 47th AL Inf. Rgt. until General Lee surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse. Probably because he was drafted into the army and had no desire for promotion that would have put him in a position of responsibility and leadership he remained a private. He fought in fifteen engagements and was slightly wounded twice; first at Gettysburg on July 2, 1863, and later at Darby Town on October 7, 1864 near Petersburg, Virginia. After being wounded at Gettysburg he was detailed for 40 days during July and August 1863 to the Jackson Hospital near Richmond, Virginia where he served as a nurse. He stood for an historical record roll near Richmond, Virginia on January 13, 1865. He was paroled, at the age of 37, as a Prisoner of War on April 10, 1865 at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia on the day that General Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to General Grant, the Commander of the Armies of the United States. Below he is listed as T.W. Micthenar and is one of fourteen men left in his company. In other lists of parolees his name is spelled "Mitchener". (See War Record.)

TWM Paroled at Appomattox

After being paroled he when back to Tallapoosa Co., Alabama where his three daughters were born. He is listed with his wife and three daughter in the 1870 Tallapossa Co., Alabama Census and his occupation is a farm laborer. From Alabama Tom moved his family to Hunt Co., Texas. On January 3, 1871 he purchased 25 acres of land out of a 40 acre survey about 4 1/2 miles East of Greenville, Texas on Wolf Creek from his brother-in-law, David Rumph. He still owned this proberty when he died. In the book, This Man David, it references Tom purchasing two more separate tracts of land from his brother-in-law in March 1872, shortly before David and his family moved on farther west to Taylor Co., Texas. The clerk for Hunt Co. in 1983 could not locate those deeds. He is listed with his wife and three daughters in the 1880 Hunt Co., Texas Census. When Tom was 52 years old and his wife was 40 years old their only son, Ross, was born on July 10, 1880. (See DNA Results.)  By 1881 in Hunt Co. a half brother, Robert Hayes Mitchiner, twenty-two years younger, was also living there. Robert Hayes also left Hunt Co. with most of his family and went southwest to Tom Green Co., Texas.

On July 3, 1899 Tom applied in Hunt Co. for a Texas Confederate Pension which was approved on October 4, 1899. He gave his health as feeble, suffering from hemorrhoids and chronic bronchitis, and seemed near destitute, having no income and unable to work.  He then owned 42 and one half acres with 23 in cultivation worth $250 and two mules worth $50. (See Texas Pension Application.)  He was 73 years old when his wife died. The will of Tom and his wife, Nancy A.V., was written October 12, 1889, almost two years before Nancy  passed away on December 4, 1901 at the age of 61. When Tom passed away on September 30, 1909, at the age of 81, the will was probated by their son, Ross Clarence, in Greenville, Texas. They gave their daughters, Leonora and Mollie T., five dollars each. They also gave five dollars to the heirs of Susan. Susan had passed away by the 1900 census since Nancy states she had seven children but only three were still alive. Leonora married R. L. Clements on November 19, 1884. Mollie married H. S. Dunkin on May 26, 1889. Family life for Tom and Nancy was somewhat more complicated  for them as they got older. In the 1900 Hunt Co., Texas Census Tom is listed as a farmer at 72 and Nancy is 59 and they have been married 41 years. In the 1900 census their 19 year old son, Ross was living with them along with their daughter Mollie, age 30, and her three children, ages 3, 5 and 7 by her first marriage to H. S. Dunkin as well as two grandaughters, ages 13 and 16, from their daughter Susan's marriage to J.J. Weaver .

When Tom died he had been living for about two years with his daughter, Nora, and her family in Houston, Texas. According to the funeral notice for Tom in the Greenville Herald Banner dated October 6, 1909 he was to be buried in Liberty Cemetery located in Hunt Co., Texas where his wife had been buried and that he was a Methodist. The funeral notice states that only two granddaughters, Mrs G.S. Robbins and Mrs. Fred Smith were still living in the area as the other family members had moved away. (See funeral notice and cemetery photo.) Rossie Dunkin married Fred Smith. Her mother is Mollie. Lula Weaver married George S. Robbins. Her mother is Susan. She and her sister were living in the Tom and Nancy Mitchiner home in the 1900 Hunt Co., Texas census. I believe that she and her husband and their three daughters may have been living in the home of her grandfather, Tom, after he left to live with Nora and her family in Houston. Lula and her family apparently moved to Childress Co., Texas right after the funeral when Ross inherited all of his father's property which he later sold and then moved to California with his family. Lula is listed with her husband, George S. Robbins, and their three daughters in the 1910 and 1920 Childress Co., Texas Census records. I do not know what happened to Lula's sister. (For more information contact THOMAS W. MITCHINER.)

(B6) Raymond R. Mitchiner, (b. ca. 1829 in Georgia and d. ?)  Raymond and his brothers, Tom and Jim, participated in the California gold rush. Jim and Tom are listed as pioneers from Georgia that began crossing the continent from St. Joseph, Missouri around the first of March 1849 for San Francisco. Raymond and his brothers, Tom and Jim, are listed as arriving overland in San Francisco on May 8, 1849 as part of a Mining Co. party from Mobile. Raymond is mentioned in the will of his father in 1865, but no other records have been found on him. He may have died in the aftermath of the war. There are no known descendants.

(B7) James W. Mitchiner ("Jim"), (b. abt. 1831 in Georgia and d. ?) He is listed as "J.W. Michener" with his brother "T. W. Mitchener" as pioneers from Georgia who left St. Joseph, Missouri around the first of March 1949 to cross the continent for San Francisco, California. Jim and his brothers, Tom and Raymond, are listed as arriving overland in San Francisco on May 8, 1849 as part of a Mining Co. party from Mobile. In the 1850 California Census for Mariposa Co. he is listed as James Mitchner, age 19, and a miner born in Georgia. There is no other record of him. According to Thomas Richard, a descendant of Thomas W., he was told by his father,  Ross Clarence, that Jim was killed in a shoot-out on the Sacramento River in California over a card game on a river boat during the California gold rush. He is presumed dead by 1865 since he is not mentioned by his father in his will. There are no known descendants.

(B8) Charlotte L. Mitchiner, (b. October 19, 1835 in Georgia and d. August 12, 1901) She is listed in the 1850 Georgia Randolph Co. federal census living with her father and stepmother. She married William J. Poole ("Bill") (b. March 31, 1825 in South Carolina and d. October 12, 1881) on November 20, 1850 in Randolph Co., Georgia. They are listed in the 1860 Randolph Co., Georgia Census on page 657. Like her brother, Tom and sisters Elizabeth and Amanda they were living with their family as neighbors on land given by their father. Charlotte, age 35, and her husband, age 53, are listed with their two youngest children at the time, John and Martha in the 1870 Randolph Co., Georgia Census.  Charlotte, age 44, and her husband, age 56, are listed with their three youngest children with the name spelled "Pool" in the 1880 Randolph Co., Georgia Census. (Note: Neither could be found in later census records.) Their children are Amanda, Mary, John, Martha A., Riley J. H. and Charlotte J. (For more information contact SUE WEBB.)


Copyright February 1999 by Thomas W. Mitchiner, Greenville, NC. These documents may be freely used for private purposes, and included in your own genealogy. However, this document is copyrighted as stated above and may not be sold, nor given to anyone, who may attempt to derive profit from same. Any verifiable information to substantiate changes or additions is welcomed by the author.

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